The Swedisch Preschool system
In Sweden guardians who are students or those who are employed, have the right to place their children in pre-school from the age of one. The child is entitled to keep the place if the guardian becomes unemployed or on maternity leave. Children who are four or five years are entitled to universal preschool 525 hours per year, equivalent to 15 hours a week. The universal preschool is free of charge, otherwise pay the parents a fee. Most municipalities comply with the maximum charge based on parental income, where the highest fee is 1260 Skr per month for the first child.
The preschool is governed by the Education Act. Municipal preschools are required to follow a curriculum established by the Swedish parliament. The curriculum for the preschool is in its structure constructed like other curricula and define goals, but not methods. Unlike the compulsory school system's curriculum contains pre-school only so-called goals to strive for and not of targets.
The opportunity for parents to be involved and influence the preschool their children should belong becoming more common, even among municipal preschools. More and more preschools have a specific pedagogical approach (eg Reggio Emilia) or knowledge specialization (eg environment or language) to facilitate the choice of the parents and give children the appropriate stimulation for the upcoming school years based on the children's individual needs and interests.
Pre-school for six year olds are referred to in the Education Act as preschool. Pre-school is a school type (parts curriculum of elementary school and after-school) whose purpose is to be an educational bridge between preschool and elementary school. Most municipalities organize preschool class with elementary school.